Periodontics in Central London

Periodontal disease and red swollen gums

Gum disease – periodontitis and gingivitis

Periodontics is a specialist field of dentistry concerned with the health of the gum and bone tissue surrounding your teeth.  Periodontal disease (gum disease) is usually a slow progressing disease and most people are not aware that they have it.  The most obvious signs of periodontal disease are:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Bad taste
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Receding gums

Inflammation of the gums presents itself in many different forms, ranging from very mild (gingivitis) to severe (periodontitis) with varying levels of soft tissue destruction leading to possible tooth loss.

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Types of periodontal treatment

Gingivitis

When plaque is not properly removed from around the tooth, the gum surrounding the tooth becomes red, swollen and inflamed. This is a response to the millions of bacteria in plaque which accumulates around teeth within hours of brushing. This redness, swelling and inflammation is called gingivitis, and causes the gums to appear puffy and to bleed when brushed or flossed. When the plaque is removed with effective brushing and cleaning, the swelling and redness subsides. Gingivitis does not cause the loss of gum support or bone.

Periodontitis (advanced gum disease)

Periodontitis refers to a destructive inflammatory gum response to plaque which affects around 10 percent of the population. Periodontitis is a much more aggressive reaction than gingivitis, and causes the breakdown and loss of surrounding bone and gum. If the inflammation progresses and tissue destruction proceeds without treatment, the tooth may become loose and eventually be lost.

Susceptibility to Periodontitis

Recent studies suggest that up to 50 percent of periodontitis can be attributed to genetic influences. Periodontitis can be inherited from one’s parents and the condition can run in families. This destructive reaction to plaque is influenced by the body’s immune response, fighting the bacteria. Anything which suppresses your immune response has the potential to accelerate periodontal disease, such as smoking. Numerous studies have shown that gum disease is far more common and more destructive in smokers. Similarly, diabetes will exaggerate the destructive response to plaque. Other conditions that exacerbate the symptoms of periodontal disease include pregnancy hormones, stress and some medications.

Treatment of Periodontal Disease

The aim of periodontal therapy is to stop all inflammation of your gums and ensure the thorough removal of plaque and calculus deposits from all your tooth and root surfaces. Once these deposits have been removed, and are maintained clean, the cause of the gum reaction can be eliminated and the destructive inflammation controlled. Providing the tooth surface is kept clean and free of plaque, the gums will return to a healthy, non-swollen, non-inflamed state. If you or your family have a history of gum disease it is important that you mention this to your qualified dental professional and seek a thorough assessment of your gum health. At The Dental Surgery we have a team of highly qualified dentists, dental hygienists as well as a specialist periodontist who are all able to assess your susceptibility to gum disease and provide the appropriate treatment. Various treatment options are available which are tailored for your specific treatment needs. Give us a call today to discuss the best course of action for you.
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At The Dental Surgery we work with you on an individual basis and budget to tailor your specific requirements. Give us a call today to discuss arrange a consultation in which we can discuss the best options for you, or alternatively complete the form on this page and a member of our team will be in touch to arrange your consultation.

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